清史研究
 
         首页  |  期刊介绍  |  编 委 会  |  投稿指南  |  期刊订阅  |  联系我们  |  English
清史研究  2017, Vol. 0 Issue (3): 112-125    DOI:
学术专论 最新目录 | 下期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 Previous Article  |  Next Article  
从数据统计再论清代的抄家
中国社会科学院近代史研究所
Re-investigating Household and Property Confiscation in the Qing dynasty
Institute of Modern History,Chinese Academy of Social Sciences
 全文: PDF (806 KB)   HTML (1 KB)   输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      背景资料
摘要 抄家是清代政治的一个特有现象; 中国历史上不乏抄家事例,唯在清代将之作为惩罚官员的手段广泛推行。借助今天的电子检索手段对清代中央档案进行全面搜索并逐一加以确认,已发现了超过两千起抄家案例。它们在时间分布上高度不均,而以18 世纪雍正、乾隆两朝和19 世纪光绪朝发生频次最高。对这些案例进行事由统计发现,亏空、逆叛和贪腐是最多见的罪名,因各种渎职、军事失利、文字狱、包括被连带抄家者数量亦不少。另外,抄家的发生与清代律例规定关系并不密切,特别关于官员的抄家,更多是皇帝个人意志、偏好与抉择的结果。
服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入我的书架
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
关键词清代   抄家   数据统计     
Abstract: As a punitive measure,the confiscation of household property did not originate in Qing times.But it was not until the Qing that property confiscation was extensively imposed on guilty officials and became a hallmark of Qing politics.Investigations of confiscation in Qing have already been done,yet these studies have lacked precision in numerical terms and the subject requires more accurate description.The growth of digitalized archival materials has resulted in an increase of text-searchable literature and the work of examining large amounts of documents has become more feasible and efficient than ever before.For the first time a statistical analysis of the topic has become possible.This paper is an initial effort to provide a systematic statistical account of property confiscation employing a thorough examination of Qing Palace Archives that addresses the scale,frequency,and incidence of Qing property confiscations. For the whole Qing dynasty more than two thousands records have been captured but they were unevenly distributed in the Yongzheng ( 1723 - 1735) ,Qianlong ( 1736 - 1795) ,and Guangxu ( 1875 - 1908) reigns,both of which showed a high frequency of confiscation.This study has also found that property confiscation involved a great number of officials’subordinates,servants,relatives,and other individuals of various social statuses such as merchants,lower gentry,and commoners.As for the reasons for confiscation,although Qing statutes listed about a dozen grounds,the reality was not always in accord with the law; statistical results show that deficits,treason,and corruption were the three most common offenses,whereas malfeasance,poor military performances,and literary inquisition cases accounted for the many other confiscations.In the Qing,whether to confiscate or not depended much on the emperor’s will,and the punishment was enforced to varied degrees in different times.
Key words Qing dynasty   Household and Property Confiscation   data statistics   
作者简介: 云妍( 1978 - ) ,女,中国社会科学院近代史研究所助理研究员,北京100006; yunyan@ cass. org. cn
引用本文:   
. 从数据统计再论清代的抄家[J]. 清史研究, 2017, 0(3): 112-125.
. Re-investigating Household and Property Confiscation in the Qing dynasty[J]. Studies in Qing History, 2017, 0(3): 112-125.
 
[1] 赵毅. 清代新疆义仓与地域社会[J]. 清史研究, 2018, 0(1): 52-62.
[2] 刘仲华. 清代圆明园轮班奏事及御园理政的合法性困境[J]. 清史研究, 2017, 0(4): 48-58.
[3] 祁美琴. 从清代满蒙文档案看 “非汉” 群体的中国观[J]. 清史研究, 2017, 0(4): 19-31.
[4] 陈国保. “驰驱臣分敢言劳,事济功成皆国庆”——清代越南入华使臣的考察[J]. 清史研究, 2017, 0(3): 94-111.
[5] 裴丹青. 清代省友、司院书吏与州县省事[J]. 清史研究, 2017, 0(3): 69-81.
[6] 姚敏. 清代功牌制度考论[J]. 清史研究, 2017, 0(2): 24-36.
[7] 张朝阳,曹树基. 法律与市场:乾嘉时期鄱阳湖区“曹杨讼案”研究[J]. 清史研究, 2017, 0(1): 106-118.
[8] 韩祥. 被遮蔽的“钱赈”:清代灾赈中的货币流通初探[J]. 清史研究, 2017, 0(1): 77-93.
[9] 董笑寒. 清代男性之间的情欲研究[J]. 清史研究, 2017, 0(1): 119-129.
[10] 张萍. 官方贸易主导下清代西北地区市场体系的形成[J]. 清史研究, 2016, 0(4): 78-89.
[11] 任玉雪、陈必佳等. 清代缙绅录量化数据库与官员群体研究[J]. 清史研究, 2016, 0(4): 61-77.
[12] 赵克生;安娜. 清代家礼书与家礼新变化[J]. 清史研究, 2016, 0(3): 25-36.
[13] 王立新. 也谈清代吉林的南海巡查[J]. 清史研究, 2016, 0(3): 107-120.
[14] 杜家骥. 乾隆之生母及乾隆帝的汉人血统问题[J]. 清史研究, 2016, 0(2): 45-56.
[15] 王跃生. 清代立嗣过继制度考察———以法律、宗族规则和惯习为中心[J]. 清史研究, 2016, 0(2): 57-74.
版权所有 © 2011 《清史研究》编辑部
地址:北京中关村大街59号 邮编:100872 电话:62511428
技术支持 北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司