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清史研究  2018, Vol. 0 Issue (2): 27-48    DOI:
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1724—1768 年间拉达克、西藏与清廷间的欧亚情报网——以清代中国对莫卧儿帝国的认识起源为核心
哥伦比亚大学东亚与历史学系
Eurasian Intelligence Networks between Ladakh, Tibet, and the Qing Court, 1724-1768: A Study of Qing China’s First Recognition of Mughal India  
The Department of East Asian Languages and Cultures, Columbia University
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摘要 1720 年至1760 年代间,清廷为提防准噶尔汗国的扩张,曾通过西藏地方政府从拉达克王国方面取得大量关于内陆亚洲、南亚次大陆以及俄罗斯的重要情报。通过来自拉达克的情报,清朝不仅察觉到准噶尔汗国曾自叶尔羌派遣使团路经拉达克与莫卧儿帝国往来,更得以先后认识到印度莫卧儿、伊朗阿夫沙尔、阿富汗杜兰尼与沙俄等周边帝国的势力消长。本文通过重点分析汉、满、藏文等多语种史料,探讨清廷通过拉达克所建立的欧亚情报网及其历史意义。
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关键词清准关系   拉达克王国   莫卧儿帝国   阿夫沙尔王朝   杜兰尼王朝     
Abstract: During the 1720s and 1760s, the Qing court acquired a great deal of critical information about InnerAsia, South Asia, and Russia from the kingdom of Ladakh through Tibet in order to monitor the expansion of the Dzunghar Khanate. Through the intelligence from Ladakh, the Qing dynasty not only realized that the Dzunghar Khanate had sent emissaries from Yarkhand to the Mughal Empire through Ladakh but also perceived the development of other imperial powers, such as Mughal India, Afsharid Iran, Durrani Afghanistan, and Tsarist Russia. By utilizing multilingual sources in Chinese, Manchu, and Tibetan, this article investigates the Eurasian intelligence networks built by the Qing dynasty through Ladakh and their historical significance.
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作者简介: 孔令伟(1990- ),男,哥伦比亚大学东亚与历史学系博士研究生; lk2627@columbia.edu
引用本文:   
. 1724—1768 年间拉达克、西藏与清廷间的欧亚情报网——以清代中国对莫卧儿帝国的认识起源为核心[J]. 清史研究, 2018, 0(2): 27-48.
. Eurasian Intelligence Networks between Ladakh, Tibet, and the Qing Court, 1724-1768: A Study of Qing China’s First Recognition of Mughal India  [J]. Studies in Qing History, 2018, 0(2): 27-48.
 
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