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清史研究  2018, Vol. 0 Issue (2): 59-68    DOI:
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清代回疆办事大臣衙门章京职任考察
中国人民大学清史研究所
An Exploration of the Responsibility and Appointment of Janggin in the Government Office of Huijiang in Qing Dynasty
The Institute of Qing History, Renmin University of China
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摘要 章京是清代回疆各城办事大臣衙门内,辅佐办事大臣处理政务之官员统称,根据其职掌,有印房、粮饷、回务、经牧章京之分。本文依据档案史料,从章京的设立与职掌、任职资格、任职期限与升转及选任渠道等方面对回疆章京的职任进行考察,进而对章京的职任特点予以归纳总结。以期从章京等中下层官员的职掌与选任层面,深化对清朝构建多民族统一国家历程中因地制宜的治边实践的认识,同时为清代新疆军府衙门政务运转的研究提供一个新的观察视角。
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关键词回疆   章京   职权   选任     
Abstract: Janggin was the general designation for an official working in the government office of Huijiang to assist ambans deal with administrative affairs. Janggin might also be called Yinfang Janggin, Liangxiang Janggin, Huiwu Janggin or Jingmu Janggin according to their duties. Based on related Chinese archives, this essay not only undertakes a comprehensive exploration of Janggin from their establishment, duty, tenure, qualification and selection, but also summarizes the features of their responsibilities and the selection of Janggin, to get a better understanding of the Qing dynasty’s frontier governance practices which aimed to unify the whole country. This essay provides a new perspective on the study of the operation of administrative affairs in Huijiang.
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作者简介: 张伯国(1986- ),男,中国人民大学清史研究所博士研究生,北京100872; tjamyffs1986@126.com
引用本文:   
. 清代回疆办事大臣衙门章京职任考察[J]. 清史研究, 2018, 0(2): 59-68.
. An Exploration of the Responsibility and Appointment of Janggin in the Government Office of Huijiang in Qing Dynasty[J]. Studies in Qing History, 2018, 0(2): 59-68.
 
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[5] 邹建达, 熊军. 清代观风整俗使设置研究[J]. 清史研究, 2008, 0(3): 101-108.
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