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清史研究  2018, Vol. 0 Issue (2): 82-98    DOI:
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论清朝查禁秧参政策
辽宁省社会科学院历史研究所
Qing Policies Banning Artificially Cultivated Ginseng
 Institute of History, Liaoning Academy of Social Sciences
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摘要 清代人参大致分为两类: 即自然生长的老山参和人工培育的“秧参”。前者在品质上远胜后者,清朝将东北老山参作为皇室的贡品。然而老山参年久难觅,在品相上两者又十分相似,参农们便常常将秧参混杂在老山参之间,以次充好,为此清朝实行了严厉的查禁政策。由于人参利大,东北地方官员往往对下敲诈参农,对上欺蒙中央,中饱私囊。结果事发,东北地区的主要官员相继被查处。
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关键词清朝   参务管理   查禁秧参   嘉庆十五年参务案     
Abstract: There were primarily two kinds of ginseng in the Qing Dynasty: naturally-grown wild old ginseng and artificially cultivated “ginseng seedlings”. The former was much better than the latter in terms of product quality. In the Qing Dynasty, wild ginseng from Northeastern China were requested as tribute to the imperial family. However, wild ginseng was hard to find because of its long growth cycle, and the two types were hard to distinguish, so ginseng farmers often mixed ginseng seedlings with wild old ginseng, pretending that the shoddy goods were of high quality. For this reason, the Qing Dynasty implemented a rigorous examination and control policy. Due to the high profits of ginseng, local officials in Northeastern China frequently extorted ginseng farmers as well as cheated the central government, in order to make a large amount of money for themselves. Finally when the matter was brought to light,the main officials in the Northeast were investigated and punished one after another.
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作者简介: 廖晓晴(1958- ),男,辽宁省社会科学院历史研究所研究员,沈阳110000; liaoxiaoqing607@163.com
引用本文:   
. 论清朝查禁秧参政策[J]. 清史研究, 2018, 0(2): 82-98.
. Qing Policies Banning Artificially Cultivated Ginseng[J]. Studies in Qing History, 2018, 0(2): 82-98.
 
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