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清史研究  2018, Vol. 0 Issue (3): 33-49    DOI:
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清代检验知识的常规与实践
中国台湾新竹清华大学历史研究所
Elements and Practice of Forensic Knowledge in the Qing Dynasty
Institute of History, “National” Tsing Hua University
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摘要 在梳理图书文献中各种实例后,本文认为《律例馆校正洗冤录》虽是官书,但它并非不可挑战的常规。在继承元明以来活用《洗冤录》的脉络下,清代的检验知识和制度,其实比过去认为的更有弹性。例如利用案例、使用坊间著作来补充官方的不足;仵作也有一定的发挥空间,不只是单纯的机械性操作。官方与民间著作,官员和仵作,案例,无论是在知识或制度层面,这些都是重要的组成部分。
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关键词仵作   洗冤录   律例馆校正洗冤录   清代检验知识与制度     
Abstract: After combing through various examples in books and documents, the author argues that although the Legislation Commission designated the Xiyuan lu as an“appoffcial manual,”this work was not the unchallenged source of conventional knowledge of forensic medicine. Inheriting the tradition of a more flexible lication of the Xiyuan lu since the Yuan and Ming, in fact the application of forensic knowledge in the Qing Dynasty was more flexible than previously thought. For example, coroners used compilations of cases and folk writings, to supplement deficiencies in the official manual. Coroners also had a certain amount of space in which to practice, and did not rely on a mechanical application based on the Xiyuan lu. The official manuals and folk writings, the experience of coroners and government officials, as well as case compilations, whether as source of knowledge or legal institutions, were important components of forensic knowledge.
Key wordsCoroners   The Washing Away of Wrongs (Xiyuan lu)   legislative commission   official manual of forensic knowledge   Qing forensic knowledge and practice   
作者简介: 陈重方(1985—),男,中国台湾新竹清华大学历史研究所博士研究生,新竹 30013;KritikderreinenVernunft@hotmail.com
引用本文:   
. 清代检验知识的常规与实践[J]. 清史研究, 2018, 0(3): 33-49.
. Elements and Practice of Forensic Knowledge in the Qing Dynasty[J]. Studies in Qing History, 2018, 0(3): 33-49.
 
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