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清史研究  2005, Vol. 0 Issue (1): 32-46    DOI:
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清朝满族的皇家宗法与其皇位继承制度
中国社会史研究中心
The Imperial Patriarchal Clan and the Inheritance System in the Qing Dynasty
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摘要 本文论述满族皇家宗法的特点是严嫡庶之分、长幼之序,清初尤为明显,汗(皇)位传承及竞争只 在嫡出者之间进行,且有一个由兄终弟及向父死子继的转变过程,这与辽、金、蒙元等少数民族政权及汉族早 期王朝的情况相同,符合一般规律。清入关后,皇子之间嫡庶身份差别趋于缩小,在废嫡或无嫡的情况下皇位 传于庶出者,与两汉、唐、两宋、明等朝多庶出者继承皇位的状况也相同。
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杜家骥
关键词嫡庶之分   兄终弟及   父死子继   皇位继承     
Abstract: Challenging the conventional wisdom that there was no distinction between Di (sons of wives) and Shu(sons of concubines) in the Manchurian imperial patriarchal clan system,this paper analyzes imperial genealogies (Yudie),and demonstrates that there were strict distinctions between Di and Shu.Shu were eligible only when there was no Di or when Di abdicated.This was the same practice used throughout Chinese history.When the right to the throne was confined to Di,there was a change from elder brother to younger brother inheriting the throne,to father to  son during the early Qing.This paper also examines the weakening of the rigid distinction between Di and Shu in the imperial patriarchal clan system.
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引用本文:   
杜家骥. 清朝满族的皇家宗法与其皇位继承制度[J]. 清史研究, 2005, 0(1): 32-46.
DU Jia-Ji. The Imperial Patriarchal Clan and the Inheritance System in the Qing Dynasty[J]. Studies in Qing History, 2005, 0(1): 32-46.
 
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